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关于幼儿争抢玩具现象的原因及教师教育策略的研究

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关于幼儿争抢玩具现象的原因及教师教育策略的研究(论文10000字)
摘要
随着人们家庭经济条件的不断好转,大部分的幼儿在各自家庭中都处于一个“小皇帝”的地位,初次进入幼儿园的集体生活时,他们的个性依旧比较明显,因而幼儿之间互相打闹、争抢的现象屡见不鲜,尤以争抢玩具为主。幼儿,其年龄较小,其思维意识和社会性还没发展完善,因此不会很好的控制自己,在面对自己喜欢的玩具时,常常会“以自我为中心”,表现出争抢玩具的现象,这对于幼儿的发展来说,是属于正常现象,家长和老师应该意识到这一阶段幼儿所表现出的特性,并且要结合不同儿童的特点,采用针对性的教育策略。对幼儿互相争抢玩具的主要原因入手,包括幼儿天性、对于玩具具有较强的占有欲、嫉妒心理、家庭教育原因、幼儿园准备玩具少等等,对如何改善幼儿争抢玩具的现象提出几点粗浅看法,比如加强对幼儿思想和心理的引导与教育、紧密沟通,帮助幼儿建立正确的关系处理认知、加强对幼儿进行监督,避免争抢玩具现象发生,主动帮助幼儿协调关系,使之和谐相处等等,同时期望本的完成能够对于幼儿争抢玩具现象的应对具有一定的实践价值。
关键词:幼儿园;争抢玩具;个性;教育策略
 
ABSTRACT
With the continuous improvement of people's family economic conditions, most of the children in their families are in a "small emperor" position, the first time into the collective life of kindergarten, their personality is still relatively obvious, so the phenomenon of children fighting each other, competing for toys is common, especially to compete for toys. Children, their younger age, their thinking consciousness and sociality has not developed well, so they will not control themselves very well, in the face of their favorite toys, often "self-centered ", showing the phenomenon of competition for toys, which is normal for the development of young children, parents and teachers should be aware of The characteristics of children in this stage, and to combine the characteristics of different children, the use of targeted education strategies. Starting with the main reasons of children competing for toys, including their nature, strong possessiveness to toys, jealousy, family education reasons, and fewer toys prepared in kindergartens, this paper puts forward some superficial views on how to improve the phenomenon of children competing for toys, such as strengthening the guidance and education of children's thoughts and psychology, close communication, helping children to establish correct relations to deal with cognition, strengthening the supervision of children, avoiding the phenomenon of competition for toys, actively helping children to coordinate relations and make them live in harmony, etc.  At the same time, it is expected that the completion of this can be for children to compete for toys phenomenon response has a certain practical value.
Keywords: kindergarten; competition for toys; personality; educational strategy
 
目  录
摘要    1
ABSTRACT    1
一、绪论    4
(一)研究背景及意义    4
(二) 研究现状    5
(三)研究方法    6
1.文献法    6
2.观察法    6
(四)研究内容    6
二、幼儿争抢玩具现象的原因    8
(一)幼儿天性    8
(二)对玩具具有较强的占有欲    8
(三)嫉妒心理    8
(四)家庭教育原因    9
(五)幼儿园准备玩具少    9
三、幼儿争抢玩具教师教育策略分析    9
(一)加强对幼儿思想和心理的引导和教育    9
(二) 紧密沟通,帮助幼儿建立正确的关系处理认知    9
1.玩具规则的建立与遵守    10
2.引导形成正确的是非观,发展幼儿之间的友谊    10
(三) 加强对幼儿进行监督,避免争抢玩具现象发生    10
1.合理的常规    10
2.恰当的区域规则提示    12
(四)主动帮助幼儿协调关系,使之和谐相处    13
1.通过情景预设,提升幼儿的团体协作能力    13
2.培养幼儿共享玩具的意识    13
(五)加强与家长的沟通    14
(四) 加强幼儿园建设,购置更多的玩具    14
结论    14
参考文献    14
致谢    15